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Division_name

Dhaka Division

Coordinates

24.88° N 90.73° E

Area

2,810.40 km²

Time zone

BST ( UTC+6 )

Population  ( 1991 )
 -  Density
 -  Literacy rate

1,937,794
 - 689.51/km²
 - 26%

Netrokona District ( dhaka division) with an area of 2810.40 km sq km, is bounded by Garo Hills of Meghalaya (India) on the north, kishoreganj district on the south, sunamganj district on the east and mymensingh district on the west. Annual temperature; Average maximum 33.3°C and minimum 12°C. Total rainfall 2174 mm. Main rivers are Someshwari, Kangsha, Magra, Dhanu, Dhala, Teorkhali.

Netrokona (Town) consists of 9 wards and 33 mahallas. It is a municipal town with an area of 13.63 sq km. The town has a population of 53853; male 51.22%, female 48.78%. The density of population is 3951 per sq km. Literacy rate among the town people is 54.2%.

Administration Netrokona subdivision was established in 1882 and was turned into a district in 1984. The district consists of 10 upazilas, 4 municipalities, 36 wards, 102 mahallas, 85 union parishads and 2281 villages. The upazilas are atpara , barhatta , durgapur , khaliajuri , kalmakanda , kendua , madan , mohanganj , netrokona sadar and purbadhala ; municipalities are Barhatta, Durgapur, Mohanganj and Netrokona Sadar.

Archaeological heritage and relics Roail Bari Fort at Kendua, Khoja dighi (pond), palace of Maharaja at Susang Durgapur, dighi of Kamol Rani, Buddhist Math at Krishnapur of Atpara and the archaeological relics of Salki Matikata.

Historical events During the British rule peasant revolt, Pagalpanthi revolt, Tonk and Tebhaga movements took place in the district. The leaders of the Swadeshi Movement killed Balak Saha of Village Borail in 1913 and Zamindar Mallick Bahadur of village Sahildeo in 1930 and looted their wealth. The three day All India Peasant Conference was held in Nagara of the district head quarters in 1945.

Marks of War of Liberation Mass killing site 4, memorial 4.

Population 1937794; male 50.71%, female 49.29%; Muslim 83%, Hindu 14% and others 3%.

Religious institutions Mosque 2013, temple 728, church 7 and tomb 40, sacred place 2.

Literacy and educational institutions Average literacy 26%, male 31.2% and female 20.4%. Educational institutions: government college 2, non-government college 17, government high school 5, non-government high school 106, junior high school 44, madrasa 77, government primary school 634, non-government primary school 478, primary teacher's training institute 2, law college 1, nursing institute 1, Sanskrit college 1, homeopathy college 1, technical institute 1, music school 2.

Locally published newspapers and periodicals Daily: Banglar Darpan; periodical: Akshar, Chetana, Spandan, Smriti-71, Bijoy, Sreejani, Matir Subas and Janira; extinct: Ayrja Pradip (1875), Koumadi (1875), Mahat Uddesha (1930), Prantabashi (1930), Julfikr (1950), Arya Pradip (1287 BH), Uttar Akas (1368 BH).

Cultural organisations Club 18, public library 6, open stage 1, theatre group 5, opera party 7, circus party 1, literary society 6, women's organisation 4, cinema hall 15, auditorium 2, shilpakala academy 1, tribal cultural academy 1, cultural institutions 76, sports organisation 43.

Main occupations Agriculture 52.05%, fishing 1.87%, agricultural labourer 21.97%, wage labourer 3.09%, commerce 7.61%, service 2.94% and others 10.47%.

Land use Total cultivable land 207608.26 hectares; fallow land 15702.14 hectares; single crop 29.5%, double crop 55% and treble crop land 15.5%; land under irrigation 55%.

Land control Among the peasants 22.23% are landless, 29.87% marginal, 24.35% small, 17.67% intermediate and 5.88% rich.

Value of land The market value of the land of the first grade is Tk. 5000 per 0.01 hectare.

Main crops Paddy, jute, wheat, mustard seed and potato.

Extinct or nearly extinct crops Aus paddy, sweet potato and pulse.

Main fruits Jackfruit, mango, banana, lemon, coconut, papaya, palm.

Fisheries, dairies, poultries Dairy 102, poultry 912 and hatchery 4.

Communication facilities Roads: pucca 155 km, semi pucca 75 km and mud road 303; railways 66 km; waterways 174 nautical mile

Traditional transport Palanquin, bullock cart, horse carriage, elephant, keraya boat. These means of transport are either extinct or nearly extinct.

Cottage industries Bidi work, ice factory, oil mill, tailoring etc.

Hats, bazars and fairs Hats and bazars are 108, fairs 8.

Main exports Fish, leather and egg.

NGO activities Operationally important NGOs are CARE, brac , grameen bank , asa , Concern Bangladesh , Swabalambi, Nari Pragati Sangha, SCI.

Health centres Modern hospital 1, upazila health complex 10, maternity hospital 1, health and family welfare centre 48, leprosy and tuberculosis hospital 1, eye hospital 1, diabetic hospital 1, red crescent hospital 1, heart foundation 1, family health services clinic 1, nursing home 1, mission hospital 1, destitute health centre 1.
[Sanjay Sarkar]

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