Bogra • Dinajpur • Gaibandha • Jaipurhat • Kurigram • Lalmonirhat • Naogaon • Natore • Nawabganj • Nilphamari • Pabna • Panchagarh • Rajshahi • Rangpur • Sirajganj • Thakurgaon
Naogaon district ( rajshahi division) with an area of 3435.67 sq km, is bounded by West Bengal of India on the north, natore and rajshahi districts on the south, joypurhat and bogra districts on the east, nawabganj district and West Bengal (India) on the west. Annual temperature: maximum 37.8°C and minimum 11.2°C; annual rainfall 1862 mm. Main rivers are atrai , punarbhaba , little jamuna , nagar , Chiri and Tulsi Ganga. Guta, Mansur and Dighali beels are notable.
Naogaon (Town) a municipal town, has an area of 37.03 sq km. It consists of 9 wards and 62 mahallas. The town has a population of 123101; male 51.78%, female 48.22%; literacy rate among the town people is 48.5%. It has one dakbungalow and one rest house.
Administration Naogaon subdivision, under Rajshahi district, was established in 1877 and was turned into a district in 1984. It consists of 2 municipality, 11 upazilas, 18 wards, 74 mahallas, 99 union parishads and 2795 villages. The upazilas are naogaon sadar , atrai , badalgachhi , dhamoirhat , manda , mahadevpur , niamatpur , patnitala , porsha , raninagar and sapahar .
Archaeological heritage Paharpur Buddhist Vihara, Jagaddal Vihara, Halud Vihara, Agrapuri Vihara
Historical events Indigo rebellion (1859-62); peasant revolt against the zamindar in protest of increasing land revenue (1883).
War of Liberation Mass grave 9; mass killing site 7, memorial sculpture 1, monument 1.
Population 2377314; male 50.66% and female 49.34%; Muslim 84.51%, Hindu 11.39%, ethnic nationals (mainly Santal, Oraon and Mahali) 3.45% and others 0.65%.
Religious institutions Mosque 3752, temple 206, church 21. Noted religious institutions are Barunkandi Jami Mosque (1802), Naogaon Jami Mosque (1845), Chakrampur Jami Mosque (1800), Sultanpur Jame Mosque (1802), Hat Naogaon Jame Mosque (1935), Naogaon Temple (adjunct Kanchari Road).
Literacy and educational institutions Average literacy 28.4%; male 35.9% and female 20.4%. Educational institutions: college 47, high school 309, junior school 49, government primary school 794, non-government primary school 559, madrasa 167. Noted institutions: Naogaon High School (1884), Raja Haranath High School (1990), Kaligram Rabindranath Institute (1910), Chak Athita High School, English School (1914), Chakla High School (1916), Kritipur High School (1921), Sharbamanal High School (1921), Coronation High School (1927), Paramohan Girl's High School (1909), Central Girl's High School (1926), Naogaon Girl's High School (1948), Basiruddin Memorial Co operative College (1946),
Newspaper Dainik Ishtehar (1971), Joybangla (1971), Bangabani (1971), Banglar Kantha (1993); weekly: Saptahik Desher Bani (1925), Saptahik Banka Chand (1950), Naba-Diganta (1964), Nabayug (1964); extinct: Barendra Batra, (1981), Surya Mukhi (1982), Nababarta (1991).
Cultural organisations Club 668, press club 1, public library 27, cinema hall 40, dakbungalow 20, circuit house 1.
Main occupations Agriculture 49.01%, fishing 1.25%, agricultural labourer 26.96%, wage labourer 2.3%, commerce 8.35%, service 3.46%, others 8.67%.
Land use Cultivable land 2777573 hectares, fallow land 68715 hectares; single crop 25%, double crop 55% and treble crop land 20%. Land under irrigation 61%.
Land control Among the peasants 9.6% are rich, 11.1% medium, 62% small and marginal.
Main crops Paddy, potato, watermelon, oil seeds, pulses.
Extinct or nearly extinct crops Opium, indigo, aman and aus paddy, tobacco, vetch.
Fruit production Mango, jackfruit, banana, litchi, coconut.
Fisheries, poultries, dairies Fishery 9, dairy 65, poultry 119.
Commutation facilities Roads: pucca 374.77 km, semi pucca 59.12 km and mud road 3595.32 km; railway 15 km; waterways 36 nautical mile.
Traditional transport Palanquin, horse carriage, bullock cart, buffalo cart. These means of transport are either extinct or nearly extinct.
Manufactories Automatic rice and husking mill, ice factory, flour mill, oil mill, sawmill, welding etc.
Cottage industries Goldsmith, blacksmith, potteries, blacksmith, bamboo, cane and mat work, tailoring etc.
Hats, bazars and fairs Total number of hats and bazars is 207.
Main exports Paddy, rice and potato.
NGO activities Most active NGOs operating in the district are brac , ITCL, CARE, grameen bank , thengamara mahila sabuj sangha .
Health centres District hospital 1, upazila heath complex 10, union heath centre 35, family planning centre 42, christian missionary hospital 1. [Rezaul Karim]