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Magura District ( khulna division) with an area of 1048 sq km, is bounded by Rajbari district on the north, Jessore and Narail districts on the south, Faridpur district on the east and Jhenaidah district on the west. Annual average temperature: maximum 37.1°C, minimum 11.2°C; annual rainfall 1467 mm. Main rivers are Gorai, Madhumati, Nabaganga and Fatki; Ramsagar and Bural Baor are notable.

Magura (Town) consists of 18 wards and 61 mahallas. The area of the town is 22.95 sq km. It has a population of 85216; male 51.69%, female 48.31%. Density of population is 3713 per sq km. Literacy rate among the town people is 47.6%.

Administration Magura sub-division was established in 1945 and was turned into a district in 1984. The district consists of 4 upazilas, 1 municipality, 18 wards, 61 mahallas, 36 union parishads, 537 mouzas, and 700 villages. The upazilas are magura sadar , mohammadpur , salikha and sreepur ; the municipality is Magura Sadar.

Archaeological heritage and relics Ghat of Nader Chand, tomb of Pir Mokerram Ali, tomb of Garib Shah, remnants of the Rajbari of Raja Sitaram Roy, Rajbari of Raja Satrujit Roy, fortification of Debal Raja, remnants of the Rajbari of Birat Raja at Sreepur, Mosque at village Gopal (Mughal period), Siddheshwari Math at Athara Khada and Ashram of Nangta Baba (Satdoha Ashram).

Historical events Indigo uprising of 1859-60, the remnants of Neelkuthi at Hajrapur, Boroi, Amtail Nahati are marks of extensive indigo cultivation. During the War of Liberation the people of Magura encountered the Pak army in about 16 fronts. In these encounters many freedom fighters were killed. The heroic role of Lutfunnahar Helena and her tragic death in the hands of the Razakars are proudly remembered by people.

Marks of War of Liberation Mass grave: Magura PTI compound, WAPDA canal, Binodpur Bazar, Galakata Bridge (Chhaigharia); memorial monument- PTI main gate adjacent to the Magura Bishwa Road.

Population 811160; male 50.56%, female 49.44%; Muslim 77.89%, Hindu 21.89% and others 0.22%.

Religious institutions Mosque 965, temple 141, church 1, tomb and sacred place 3.

Literacy and educational institutions Average literacy 28.5%; male 35.2% and female 20.9%. Educational institutions: college 15, primary teacher's training institute 1, technical institution 1, nursing institution 1, high school 94, junior high school 16, madrasa 74, government primary school 266, non-government primary school 101, satellite school 19, kindergarten 3, community school 129.

Cultural organisations Club 173, public library 3, cinema hall 3, theatre group 5, opera party 2, literary society 2, shilpakala academy 1, women's organisation 3.

Locally published newspapers and periodicals Daily: Khedmat; weeklies: Angikar, Grameen Bangla; extinct: Hindu Mussalman Sammilani Patrika (1876), Weekly Ananda (1929), Nabaganga (1941), Weekly Banglar Dak (1972), Weekly Rupashi Bangla (1972), Weekly Magura Barta (1985), Weekly Ganasangbad and Fortnightly Nabakal (1972).

Main occupations Agriculture 51.26%, fishing 1.22%, agricultural labourer 19%, wage labourer 2.53%, industry 1.24%, commerce 9.37%, service 6.01%, transport 2.45% and others 6.92%.

Land use Total cultivable land 78633.66 hectares; single crop 35.60%, double crop 15.29% and treble crop 49.11%; land under irrigation 56.46%.

Land control Among the peasants, 15% are landless, 20% small, 40% intermediate and 25% rich; land per head 0.14 hectare.

Value of land The market value of the land of the first grade is Tk 15000 per 0.01 hectare.

Main crops Paddy, jute, wheat, oil seed, cotton, sugarcane, chilli, onion, turmeric, and varieties of dal (pulse).

Extinct or nearly extinct crops Indigo, barley, china and corn.

Main fruits Mango, jackfruit, black berry, papaya, bel (wood apple), coconut, palm, date and litchi.

Fisheries, dairies, poultries Poultry 241, dairy 80, fishery 981 and hatchery 4, nursery 61.

Communication facilities Roads: pucca 250 km, semi pucca 100 km and mud road 3850; waterways 22 nautical mile.

Traditional transport Palanquin (extinct), horse carriage (nearly extinct) and boat.

Manufactories Textile mill, ball pen industry, plastic pipe factory, soap factory, ice factory, rice mill, bidi factory, lathe factory and welding.

Cottage industries Weaving, bamboo and cane work, blacksmith, goldsmith, potteries, wood work and tailoring.

Hats, bazars and fairs Total number of hats and bazars is 105, fairs 14.

Main exports Jute, chilli, onion, betel leaf, vegetables and bamboo and cane products.

NGO's activities Operationally important NGOs are CARE, brac , asa , proshika , Jagaranichakra and ADI, etc.

Health centres Zila sadar hospital 1, upazila health complex 4, child hospital 1, eye hospital 1, diabetic hospital 1, maternity and child hospital 1, cardiac hospital 1, health and family welfare centre 32 and satellite clinic 9. [Md Abu Naser Majnu]

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