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Faridpur

Division_name

Dhaka Division

Coordinates

23.50° N 89.83° E

Area

2,072.72 km²

Time zone

BST ( UTC+6 )

Population  ( 1991 )
 -  Density
 -  Literacy rate

1,714,496
 - 827.17/km²
 - 37.44%

Faridpur is a district in central Bangladesh . It is a part of the Dhaka Division .

Contents
  • 1 Geography
  • 2 Subdivisions
  • 3 History
  • 4 Demographics
  • 5 Economy
  • 6 Education
  • 7 Places of interest
  • 8 See also
  • 9 External links
Geography

It is under Dhaka division. The area of this district is 2072.72 km² and bounded by rajbari and manikganj districts on the north, gopalganj district on the south, dhaka, munshiganj and madaripur districts on the east, narail, magura and rajbari districts on the west. The soil of this region is so fertile because of alluvial soil of padma, although once upon a time the district consisted mainly of depression based marshland. Main rivers are Padma, Old Kumar, arial khan, Gorai, Chandana, Bhubanshwar and Lohartek; main depressions are Dhol Samudra, Beel Ramkeli, Shakuner Beel, Ghoradar Beel. Average highest temperature 35.8°C and lowest 12.6°C; annual rainfall is 1546 mm. Faridpur (Town) stands on both sides of the Kumar.

Subdivisions

Faridpur district consists of 8 upazilas, 4 municipalities, 79 union parishads, 36 wards, 92 mahallas and 1859 villages. The town consists of 9 wards and 35 mahallas. The area of the town is 20.23 km². The population of the town is 99634; male 51.73%, female 48.27%. The density of population is 4925 per km². The literacy rate among the town people is 66.6%. The town has two dakbungalows.

Faridpur district is divided into the following upazilas:

  1. Faridpur Sadar Upazila
  2. Boalmari Upazila
  3. Alfadanga Upazila
  4. Madhukhali Upazila
  5. Bhanga Upazila
  6. Nagarkanda Upazila
  7. Char Bhadrasan Upazila
  8. Sadarpur Upazila

 

History

The district is named after the Sufi saint Shah Sheikh Fariduddin, who preached there in the 12th and 13th centuries. In the early 1800s, Hazi Shariatullah started the Farayzi movement against the British rulers from this district. The movement against the British enforcement of Indigo cultivation was also initiated from Faridpur under the leadership of Dudu Miah.

The district was previously called Fatehabad until 1860. The town of Faridpur came into being towards the late 1700s. It was declared a municipality in the 1860s. The town had a prison since 1825 and the District School there was founded in 1840 - making it one of the oldest schools of the country.

In the nineteenth century, Hazi Shariatullah started the Farazi movement against the British rulers from this district. The movement against the British enforcement of Indigo cultivation was also initiated from Faridpur under the leadership of Dudu Miah. Faridpur municipality was established in 1869.

Faridpur has yielded many great political leaders and personalities. One of the most important of them is Ambika Charan Majumder who was also President of All India Congress Party and was also one of its founders. Other important people would include Chowdhury Moyezuddin Bishwash and his sons Chowdhury Abd-Allah Zaheeruddin Lal Mia, Chowdhury Yusuf Ali Mohon Mia and Chowdhury Enayet Hossain Tara Mia and others such as Tomizuddin Khan, Khan Bahadur Ismail and many others.

There were many important land lords in Faridpur district. Most of them were of Hindu origin. The most prominent Hindu landlords were Ishan Sarker and his descendants from Ishan Gopalpur Union, the Sikdars of Kanaipur, the lords of Choddo and Baish Roshi and Bhanga.

The most powerful Muslim Zamindars included the Nawab of Boalmari and Chowdhury Moyezuddin Bishwash who played a huge role in building up protest against Colonial rule. He was one of the patrons of the Congress party and also a valiant fighter. He also brought about many social reforms in Faridpur, including initiating the revival of Islamic practices, abolition of various racist policies against the Muslims and helped bring about equality among Hindus and Muslims in the town and nearby areas. He also built many schools, madrasas and orphanages. It is said that his territories extended well beyond the district and would total to over 4000 km².

Faridpur was one of the places which led the other districts in the anti-colonial movement across the 30s and 40s.

Demographics

Please help improve this article by expanding this section.

Population: 1714496

  • Male 50.55%
  • Female 49.45
  • Muslim 88%
  • Hindu 11%
  • Others 1%.
Economy

Please help improve this article by expanding this section.

Economy

Economy of Faridpur district is based on agriculture. Land use Cultivable land 150123 hectares, fallow land 393 hectares, forestry 1595 hectares; single crop 20.63%, double crop 62.62% and treble crop 16.75%; land under irrigation 27.54%. Main crops Paddy, jute, peanut, wheat, oilseed, pulse, turmeric, onion, garlic and coriander. Extinct or nearly extinct crops Indigo, kusumphul, kaun, kalijira, china, arahar, barley, corn, tobacco, linseed, sesame, bhura, mesta, sanpat. Some manufacture industries and Cottage industries are also contribute in the economy. Agriculture based economy is operated by local “Hat” (bazaar), most noted of which are Kanaipur, Piaskhaki, Kanarkhali, Haziganj Bazar, Chaukighata, Maligram and Bhanga.

Education
  • Kindergerten.........: 9
  • Primary School.......: 834
  • Girls School/College.: 19
  • Junior High School...: 35
  • Secondary High School : 120
  • College..............: 18
  • Medical College ......: 1
  • University...........: -
  • Teachers training....: 1
  • Physical Training....: -
  • Homeo Medical College : 1
  • Unani Institute......: -
  • Polytechnical Inst...: 1
  • Vocational Institute.: 1
  • Blind/Disable School.: 1
  • Mass Education Centre: 123
  • Ibtedaye Madrasa.....: 78
  • Dakhil Madrasa.......: 23
  • Alia Madrasa.........: 14
  • Fazil Madrasa........: 7
  • Kamil Madrasa........: 3
  • Forquania Madrasa....: 406
  • Hafizia Madrasa......: 44
  • Qaumi Madrasa........: 28
Places of interest

"Dhighir Par Masjid (Mosque) (1493-1519 AD)" which is a symbol of Mughal Architect. It is situated at Pathrail in Bhanga Upazila. "Baisrashi Babu Bari" " Kobi Jssimuddin's house" is also a tourist spot. "River Research Institute" a Govt research organization, is also an interesting place. Garoda Mosque (1013 AH), Satoir Mosque (1519 AD), Fatehabad Taksal (1519-32), Mathurapur Wall, Zila Judge Court building (1889 AD) and Bhanga Munsif Court Building (1889), Basudeva Mandir and Jagabandhu Angina is well known archaeological heritage,satoir mosque(Boalmari),Dewan Saker Shah er Majar (katagor , Boalmari), Bharat Sevashram Sangha.

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