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Division_name

Khulna Division

Coordinates

23.60° N 88.70° E

Area

1,157.42 km²

Time zone

BST ( UTC+6 )

Population  ( 1991 )
 -  Density
 -  Literacy rate

987,382
 - 853.09/km²
 - 25.2%

Chuadanga ( Bangla : ????????? ; Chuadana ), Chuadanga district or Chuadanga Zilla ( ????????? ???? ) is the name of a Western district ( zilla ) of Bangladesh . It is a part of the Khulna administrative division that covers most districts in the south-west of the country.

Contents
  • 1 History
  • 2 Geography
  • 3 Administration
  • 4 Demographics
  • 5 Education
  • 6 Economy
  • 7 Transportation
  • 8 Archaeological heritage and relics
  • 9 Chuadanga at a glance
  • 10 See also
History

It is supposed from the records of the Greek historians and geographical formations that this region was a part of the kingdom of Gangaridhi and there was a city called Gangey here. From the beginning of the British rule the people of Chuadanga participated in many uprisings and democratic movements. Their contributions to uprisings and movements including the Wahabi Movement (1831), Faraizi Movement (1838-47), Sepoy Rebellion (1857), Indigo Rebellion (1859-60), Khilafat Movement (1920), Swadeshi Movement (1906), Non-cooperation Movement , Violation of Law and Salt Satyagraha (1920-40), Quit India Movement or August Revolt (1942) and Freedom Movement are notable. During the Bangladesh Liberation War in 1971 early resistance was put up in Chuadanga. During the War of Liberation more than one hundred direct encounters were held between the Pak army and the Freedom Fighters in Chuadanga district.

Under British rule , Chuadanga was a sub-division within Nadia District . During partition , in 1947, excepting Krishnanagar thana (still under Nadia in West Bengal), the whole territory of Chuadanga sub-division was included in Kushtia District .

During the War of Liberation in 1971, early resistance was put up in Chuadanga. The first war command, the South Western Command of Bangladesh, was established here on 26 March 1971 that took a leading role in fighting back the occupational Pakistan army under the leadership of Major Abu Osman Chowdhury and Dr Ashab Ul Haq. Bangladesh Red Cross Society was also established here in that time. During the liberation war the government in exile declared Chuadanga to be the provisional capital of the People's Republic of Bangladesh . During the Bangladesh Liberation War more than one hundred documented direct encounters took place between the Pakistan Army and the freedom fighters ( Mukti Bahini ) in Chuadanga district. According to records Chuadanga was liberated from the hands of occupying Pakistan army on 07 December 1971 , nine days before the invading army officially surrendered to the Mitro Bahini (allied forces of Mukti Bahini and Indian Army ). Chuadanga had a glorious and leading role in the liberation war of Bangladesh .

Marks of the Liberation War genocide in the district include a spot behind the Chuadanga Central Hospital , three mass graves at places on the back of the Natudaha High School , at village Dhopakhali near the Jibannagar border and on the bank of GK Canal near Alamdanga Railway Station. Two memorial monuments stand today in memory of the war.

Chuadanga was separated from Kushtia and given the status of a district in 1984 .

Chuadanga (Town) stands on the bank of the river Mathabhanga. It consists of 9 wards and 41 mahallas. It is "A" graded municipal town. Though established in 1960, it started functioning in 1965. The town has an area of 36.12 sq km. It has a population of 72081; male 50.13%, female 49.87%. Literacy rate among the town people is 48%.

Geography

The district has an area of 1157.42  km² . It shares domestic borders with the Kushtia District on the northeast, Meherpur on the northwest and Jhenaidaha on the south and southeast. On its southwest lies the Nadia District (in the state of West Bengal in India ).

The main township of Chuadanga lies on the bank of River Mathabhanga . The annual average maximum temperature is 40.1 °C and the average for the minimum is 8.2 °C, while 1467 mm is received on average each year.

The entire Chuadanga district lies within the Ganges Delta , with rivers Mathabhanga, Bhairab, Kumar, Chitra, and Nabaganga flowing through the district.

Administration

Chuadanga sub-division was within Nadia district before the Partition of India . In 1947, excepting Krishnagar thana , the whole territory of Chuadanga sub-division was included in Kushtia district. It was turned into a district in 1984. The district consists of 5 municipalities, 36 wards, 93 mahallas, 4 upazilas, 31 union parishads, 421 mouzas and 514 villages. Municipalities are Chuadanga Sadar, Alamdanga, Damurhuda and Jibannagar and Darsana. Of these municipalities, all but the last also have upazila status.

The entire district has two representatives ( Member of Parliament ) to the National Assembly of Bangladesh . The Government appoints one Deputy Commissioner , DC , for the entire district.

Demographics

The population of the district was 987,382 during the 2001 national survey with 50.82% male and female 49.18% compositions.

By religion, Muslims form the majority with 96.73% of the population while Hindus form 2.96% and the remaining are mainly Christians , Buddhists and other minor sects.

Education

Average literacy rate is 25.2%, with a sizeable gap between male and female literacy rates at 30.5% and 19.6% respectively.

The different kinds of educational institutions are as follows:

  • Colleges - 12
  • High schools - 48
  • Junior schools - 7
  • Government Primary schools - 257
  • Non-government Primary schools - 120
  • Primary Training institute - 1
  • Vocational Training institute 1
  • Nursing institute 1
  • Madrasas - 63
  • Kindergarten schools - 3

Noted old educational institutions include the Victoria Jubilee Government High School (est. 1880), Alomdanga High School (est. 1914), Natudaôho High School (est. 1906), Jibonnôgor Pilot High School (est. 1957) and Hajar Duari School .

According to the SSC result some schools are really doing better. Among these Government Victoria Jubilee High School , Nilmonigônj High School and Government Girls' School are mentionworthy.

Economy

Most of this small district is dedicated to agriculture . Occupational distributions clearly show this with agriculture employing 68% of the labour force, while only 12% are involved in commerce . Total cultivable land amounts to 894.20 square kilometres, of which 57% is under some sort of irrigation.

Besides agriculture the district is now experiencing industrial growth. Major industies include Bangas bread and biscuit, Tallu Spinning mills Ltd etc. we have had the largest sugar mill of the country; Kerew and Co ltd.

Main occupations Agriculture 40.33%, agricultural labourer 28.08%, wage labourer 2.69%, commerce 12.69%, service 6.08%, transport 1.91% and others 8.22%. Land use Total cultivable land 89420 hectares; fallow land 253.74 hectares; single crop 14.80%, double crop 73.35% and treble crop 11.85%; cultivable land under irrigation 57%. Land control Among the peasants 37% are landless, 43% small, 18% intermediate and 2% rich; cultivable land per head 0.11 hectare. Value of land The market value of the land of the first grade is Tk 8000 per 0.01 hectare. Main crops Paddy, jute, wheat, potato, sugarcane, brinjal, onion, garlic, pulses, betel leaf and pumpkin. Extinct or nearly extinct crops Sesame, linseed, tobacco, mustard seed, sola, aus paddy and indigo. Main fruits Mango, jackfruit, litchi, papaya, guava, betel nut, coconut and banana. Fisheries, dairies, poultries Poultry 85, fishery 18, dairy 18 and hatchery 2.

Manufactories: Cotton mills, sugar mill, bread and biscuit factory, spinning mills, textile mills, aluminium factory, pharmaceuticals, rice mill, chira mill, oil mill, flour mill, ice factory, saw mill and welding. Cottage industries: Weaving, bamboo work, goldsmith, blacksmith, potteries, wood work, tailoring. Hats, bazars and fairs: Total number of hats and bazars are 80, most noted of which are Chuadanga, Alamdanga, Munshiganj, Nilmonigonj, Gokulkhali, Ashman Khali, Dugdugi, Jibannagar, Shialmari, Damurhuda, Bhalaipur and Bara Bazar;

Fair: Dingedaha Merete Mela, Baruni and Gangapuja Melas are notable. Main exports Paddy, jute, biscuit, sugar, tobacco, sugarcane, date molasses, betel nut, betel leaf, mango, jackfruit and banana.

Transportation

Chuadanga is connected to four of its neighbouring districts(Kushtia; Jessore; Jhenidah and Meherpur) through inter-district highways and connected to Jessore and Kushtia through Railway.

The district is connected to the rest of the country by three highways and railway . There are 203 km of finished road, 211 km herring-bone and 132 km mud road. Total length of railway tracks is just over 50 km that connect the three railway stations inside the district with the country's railway network.

The entire transportation system is comparatively better than other districts. You can access to any of its upa-zilla by 30 minutes travel by motor vehicle. To reach to Dhaka you need to spend 4 to 5 hours. To reach to Calcutta you need less time to reach Dhaka . That makes the place important during our liberation in 1971.

Earlier the district was connected to other parts of the country by its major river The Matha Vanga but now the river route is invalid due to siltation on river beds.

The people usually use Bus and train for long journey and for local travels they use Rickshaw, human pulled van etc. For personal use they use cycle and mortor cycle frequently.

Besides these, traditional transportation modes such as bullock carts and boats are also in use.

Archaeological heritage and relics

Three domed Chuadanga Bôro Mosque, Gholdari Mosque (1006 AD), Thakurpur Mosque, Shibnôgor Mosque, Jamjami Mosque, Hajar Duari School (Damurhuda), Karpashdana Neelkuti, Gholdari Neelkuti.

Chuadanga at a glance

Area

Land use

Area (in Acre )

Total Land Area

283679

Cultivable Area

226754

Fallow Land

15245

Area Under Forest

10

Area Irrigated

126760

Area Under River

549

 

Utilities

Total No.

Length (in Km.)

11

121

16

177

54

120

446

1258

-

52

68

-

 

Development Projects

Name of Items

Total Number

Poverty Alleviation

12

Rehabilitation of Destitute

11

Family Planning

6

Rural/Adult Education

76

Agriculture & Food

60

Road & Communication

57

Health

3

Total

195

See also

....more datails

 

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